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What you need to know about the eyes.

Myopia (Short-sightedness): Things close to you are easier to see than things in the distance

Hypermetropia(Long sightedness): Things in the distance are easier to see than things close to you

Astigmatism: Objects are seen but not very sharply

Presbyopia: The reduction in accommodation (focusing) of the lens inside the eye making reading difficult.
This happens about the age of 40 years onwards and glasses become helpful for reading Glasses:
These are optical aids/lenses which help us to see better. A sight test is required, so appropriate glasses can be prescribed. There are various types of lenses available and this should be discussed with your eye care practitioner.

These are optical aids/lenses which help us to see better. A sight test is required, so appropriate glasses can be prescribed. There are various types of lenses available and this should be discussed with your eye care practitioner.

Contact lenses: These are alternatives to glasses and are placed on the surface of the eye to make people see clearly. Some contact lenses are for cosmetic purposes and come in various colours. As the lenses are in contact with the eye, they are prone to causing eye problems if care not taken

Cataract: The clouding/opacification of the natural lens in the eye. Usually happens as we grow older, though there are other causes of cataracts. This is the most common cause of blindness worldwide, however, this form of blindness is reversible. A cataract operation should restore the vision

Glaucoma: This is an eye disease in which the optic nerve (nerve connecting the eye to the brain) gets damaged. It is the second most common cause of blindness worldwide. Glaucoma is “The Silent Thief of Sight” as the individual with glaucoma has no symptoms. Blindness from glaucoma is not reversible. Glaucoma can be stopped from progressing with appropriate treatment but the vision loss from glaucoma cannot be regained. If there is glaucoma in a family, all adults above the age of 30 should get tested for glaucoma.

Conjunctivitis (Apollo): This is an infection or inflammation (swelling) of the eyes. There are various causes including bacteria, viruses, fungi or allergens like dust and grass.
There are other various eye conditions which cannot be mentioned in this leaflet. It is important you have an eye test every 2 years or every year if there is glaucoma in your family.

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